These are the main Sections of the Site
These are the other Topics within this section
The pencil mark you make will transfer more or less colour to the page dependant upon the sharpness of the point and the pressure applied. It will also have very different effects depending on the way you make your mark.
These examples have all been prepared on a slightly ribbed cartridge paper, using a Prismacolor pencil which is quite soft and waxy. A harder pencil would have left finer lines and more precise shading but would have taken longer to lay down and the colour would have been less intense.
Firstly we have simple hatching where the mark is made by a
series of lines, all made in the same direction and close together.
You can see that by pressing harder, or going back over with a
second layer, it is easy to show a darker area.
DRY POINT PENCIL TECHNIQUES -
Types of Pencil Mark
THIS PAGE OF NOTES
was originally formulated back in the early days of the UKCPS
as a hand out at shows and demonstrations.
It has been revised a few times since then.
The list of coloured pencil marks is merely representative of how you can get different effects from the way you lay down colour on the paper.
The names of the marks are not ‘official’
They simply provide a reminder of what they are.
You are free to invent some new marks and new names if you wish
You may be interested in a set of printable notes in PDF format
Note : these notes are an older version of the notes on this page
WAX TYPE PENCILS
WAX TYPE PENCILS
By applying a second level of lines at right angles to the first,
we get cross hatching, which is useful where
we wish to avoid shading in a single Direction.
Often this is used with a second colour on the second
layer to blend two colours together visibly
It is one step from here to tonal shading, where the pencil moves back and forwards across the area with a light touch and carefully trying not to overlap the strokes too much. More pressure gives more colour,
and this technique is probably the most used single marking method.
This is often used for colouring over over indented lines as shown here.
I call this ‘Tick’ shading as the mark is made in a single stroke going from fairly high pressure on the point, fading away to nothing.
This, in one way or another, is ideal for hair and fur as well as grass.
Vertical ( or linear) shading is another version of the single line marking.
Here a succession of strokes are made in the same direction but leaving spaces as required. The closer and the heavier the marks are made, the darker the effect.
You can see the advantage of this mark for tree trunks, bark, and water.
A step on from circles is random scribble, which has its place where we
are representing stone and rough surfaces.
We have ‘Aeroplane’ which is where the pencil lightly touches the paper
and leaves again, like a plane coming into land and immediately taking off
Here the pencil forms a series of small circles or ovals of different sizes.
Sometimes these overlap sometimes they are made heavier.
These marks have a use when detailing foliage representing leavesof various types. Successive layers in shades of the same colour result
in a broken network of tones which represent leaves well.
And stipple, which is made up of small marks,usually of a random nature,
which enable a more controlled image of a rough surface to be made
And finally, Scumble, which is a scribble action but with the aim of producing an even surface which will work
accurately up to an edge if required.
|Glossary of CP Terms|
|Introducing step by steps|
|sbs basic shapes|
|sbs fruit bowl|
|sbs polperro B|
|sbs rectory garden|
|The Bowerman Stone|
|sbs to come|
|Price and Content|
|Papers for Wax type pencils|
|Papers for Watercolour pencils|
|Papers for Pastel pencils|
|Papers for mixed media with CP|
|Black Paper Fade|
|Non standard papers for wax pencils|
|Application of colour|
|Density of Colour|
|Results on Different Papers|
|Ways of using Aquarelles|
|Why Underpainting ?|
|Backgrounds with Aquarelles 1|
|Backgrounds with Aquarelles 2|
|A Brush with W/C Pencils|
|Foliage in W/C Pencil|
|Step by Step - Coventry Canal|
|Cottage Garden - Step by Step PDF|
| Italian Street step by step 1|
|Italian Street step by step 2|
|Brokken Bridge Step By Step PDF|
|Coventry Canal 2|
|CP & Pastel|
|CP & W/c Pencils|
|CP & Other media|
|Archway - Mixed Media sbs|
|Cottage Entrance Mixed Media sbs|
|Annecy Reflections 1|
|Annecy Reflections 2|
|working on coloured paper|
|Still Life Points|
|BURNISHING, Blenders and Burnishers|
|Landscape Tutorial- Grand Union|
|clouds & skies|
|Brick, Stone & Tile|
|Brick stone and tile 2|
|Colour and complementaries|
|Boats & Water|
|Form & Space|
|Drawing from Life - introduction|
|using a camera|
|transfering an image|
|keeping a record|
|printing 2 - layout|
|Life Drawing 1 - the basics|
|November 2011 Landscape SBS|
|July 2012 - Kitten Step by Step|
|Old Blog Posts as at Dec 2014|
|Aix En Provence series|
|New input ( from Dec 2014)|